Conveyor Components



Conveyor is a means of transportation of bulk materials that is useful for moving materials from one place to another continuously and controllable, which does not allow it to be carried by humans manually and continuously

1. Conveyor Belts

a medium to accommodate and transport materials on the Conveyor System. Friction Force between conveyor belt surfaces & drive pulley, making the rotary force of the Drive Pulley into straight motion (translational) conveyor belt.


2. Head Pulley

It is called a Head Pulley because its position is at the end of the conveyor head. Under certain conditions, the Head Pulley is connected to the motor through the gearbox and serves to drive the conveyor and is called the Drive Pulley.


3. Drive Motor

Drive Motor serves to provide power to drive a series of conveyors connected to the Drive Pulley through a gearbox.


4. Transition Idler

Transition Idler is useful for bridging the belt between the Pulley and the Carry Idler by forming an angle from Flat to V, or vice versa. This is so that the tension belt that occurs due to differences in angles can be distributed properly.


5. Hopper

Serves as a place for loading material whose position is above impact idler.


6. Impact Idlers

Serves as a support for the upper Belt Conveyor where it is positioned just below the Hopper (where the material falls onto the Belt Conveyor) and functions to dampen impacts due to material drops.


7. Carry Roller

Serves to support the Belt Conveyor which carries the material load. The Carry Roller rotation maximizes the power of the Drive Pulley and minimizes the Elongation of the Conveyor Belt.


8. Self Aligning Idler Is a Belt supporting roller both in the Carry and Return sections, which functions to direct the Belt Conveyor to stay straight in its path so that it does not miss-track left or right (Snaking).


9. Tail Pulley

Is a pulley whose position is on the tail of the conveyor and can also be used as a Take-Up Pulley (fastening pulley).


10. Chute

Serves as a directing components for the material to be discharge from the conveyors. It's Position is at the front end of the conveyor. 11. Primary and Secondary Belt Cleaner

Serves as a cleaner for the remaining material that is still stick to the Belt Conveyor after discharging.


12. Snub Pulley

Snub Pulley is for enlarging the angle of contact between the Drive Pulley and the Belt Conveyor. This is so that there is no slip occurs when the Drive Pulley pulls the Belt Conveyor.


13. Bend Pulley

Is the Pulley used to change the direction of the Belt Conveyor


14. Take-Up Pulley

Is a Pulley that serves to adjust the tightness (tension) of the Belt Conveyor.


15. Return Idlers

Serves to support the Belt Conveyor without the material load. The position is at the bottom of the Conveyors in the reverse direction.


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